An electric wheelchair, also referred to as an electric-powered wheelchair or EPW, is propelled by using electrical energy to power an electric motor. In contrast, traditional wheelchairs are manually powered using the occupant’s arms and hands. Electric wheelchairs are not a recent innovation with early prototypes dating back to the early 1930s. However, a recent surge has occurred in EPW development and adoption over the past 10 years due to enhanced performance offered by emerging electric motor and battery technology and the integration of significantly enhanced systems of computerized operation borrowed from other modern technologies.
A Short History Of The Electric Wheelchair
The first commercially successful electric wheelchair was produced in the late 1920s by the R.A. Harding company in England. Although three-wheeled and officially called “Invalid Transports,” they were precursors to the modern day electric wheelchair. Shortly after World War II, Canadian engineer George Klein invented the electric-powered wheelchair known as “The Klein Chair” to assist returning injured veterans.
Who Makes Smart Electric Wheelchairs?
The following manufacturers offer advanced computerized electric wheelchairs:
|Deka Research and Development|
|Not A Wheelchair|
Models: Model Ci, Model A
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Manufacturers: Deka, Luci, Nino Robotics, Not A Wheelchair, Scewo, Whill