Renewable energy storage is the capture and storage of energy generated from renewable resources in an accumulator or battery for use at a later time. The goal of energy storage is to convert energy from forms that are difficult to store, such as kinetic or radiation, to more efficient and economically storable forms, such as chemical or electric potential. The most common example of renewable energy storage devices are rechargeable batteries that store collected electricity as chemical energy. In the 21st century, interest in renewable energy storage is being fueled by the intermittent nature of popular renewable energy sources such as solar power and wind power.
A Short History Of Renewable Energy Storage
The earliest known observation of energy storage was made by the ancient Greeks, who discovered that pieces of amber attracted small particles after being rubbed. In 1745, the Leiden jar, a device for storing electricity chemically in various solutions, was invented by Ewald Von Kleist and Pieter van Musschenbroek. It was a high voltage storage device and could be charged to approximately 50,000 volts. In 1800, Italian physicist Alessandro Volta built the first electrochemical battery, the Volta pile, by stacking copper and zinc plates separate by brine soaked paper disks.